Partial thickness burns, also known as second-degree burns, affect the epidermis and the top two layers of the skin. The same things that cause the first-degree burn are also causes of second-degree burns, making the identification of second degree burns vital as to ensure the correct treatment is sought. In most cases, medical professionals should treat second-degree burns to avoid scarring, infection, and other complications.
Identification of Second Degree Burns
A burn more severe than a first degree will usually blister. The burn will be painful and discoloration such as whitening or redness of the skin often appears in the location that was burned. In addition, some swelling might appear, as well.
It may be possible to treat a second-degree burn at home if it is less than three inches. However, medical attention is necessary for a burn covering an area larger than already stated, or if the location is on the feet, hands, face, buttocks, or genitals. Once the burn’s severity is determined, the burn should be treated immediately.
Treatment for Second Degree Burns
Second-degree burns should be cooled immediately. Typically, cool water is the best way to accomplish this. It is recommended to run water on a burn, however, if this is problematic, compresses may be used to cool a burn or the burn area may be submerged in water. Avoid very cold water, ice, or compresses, as these tend to cool the skin too quickly and may cause hypothermia or other complications.
Second degree burns cause much pain. Swelling can be reduced and pain relief may be had with some over-the-counter pain relievers. Prior to administering over-the-counter medications to a child who has been burned, thoroughly read warning labels. Seek advice from a medical professional if there are any concerns.
A burn should be kept clean as well as free from contamination. To help keep debris or other contaminants from entering the burn, cover it with gauze or a bandage. Coverings must also be free of lint. To allow airflow and avoid tearing or damaging the skin, covering should be loosely wrapped.
Medical Treatment by A Professional
While the majority of second-degree burns heal without seeking treatment, a medical professional might be able to prescribe pain medication and sterilize the burn properly. Medical professionals may prescribe antibiotics when there is a risk of infection. A professional medical assessment can identify the burn’s severity and determine if further treatment is necessary.
If you or someone you care about has suffered a serious burn injury in New Orleans, it is imperative to contact a lawyer with extensive knowledge in handling the physical, emotional, and legal challenges burn injury victims face. Cueria Law Firm understands both the legal and medical issues involved in a burn injury case and has the skill needed to effectively present them to a jury. We are a well-respected Louisiana law firm with a proven track record of successfully representing clients in burn injury cases.