There are three main types of malignant mesothelioma: pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal mesothelioma, and pericardial mesothelioma. There are two other forms of mesothelioma which are testicular mesothelioma and benign mesothelioma,.
Types of Malignant Mesothelioma:
Pleural mesothelioma is a type of cancer that affects the lining and wall of the lungs called the pleura and is the most common type of mesothelioma, representing 75% of the total mesothelioma cases. This type of mesothelioma is caused by the thickening or calcification of the lung lining. These calcifications and areas of thickening lining are called pleural plaques. In many cases these plaques develop into mesothelioma. This type of mesothelioma often spreads quickly from the lining of the lungs to the outer chest wall, heart, and even abdomen in some situations. Most cases of pleural mesothelioma are fatal. There is no cure for pleural mesothelioma, but some treatment options are available such as chemotherapy and surgery in the early stages.
Peritoneal Mesothelioma is the second most common type of the disease and it affects the abdominal area. It occurs when the thin membrane of the abdomen becomes hardened normally due to ingestion of asbestos fibers. The fibers affect the digestion systems in the body. Peritoneal mesothelioma can also occur when pleural mesothelioma metastasizes from the lungs to the abdomen. Like pleural mesothelioma, peritoneal mesothelioma is fatal. There are some treatments available including chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Pericardial Mesothelioma is a more rare form of the disease. It affects the lining of the heart, and is most often diagnosed in men. It occurs when asbestos fibers are lodged in the pericardial membranes which line the heart. This leads to the thickening of the pericardial membrane, similar to the thickening of the membranes that occur in pleural and peritoneal mesothelioma. This thickening causes a buildup of fluid in the pericardial membranes and puts pressure on the heart. Like the other forms of mesothelioma, pericardial mesothelioma is hard to treat, and often the prognosis for patients diagnosed with this disease is not a good one.
Testicular mesothelioma is the rarest form of the disease, affecting the tissue around the testicles. Because it is so rare, little is known about this type of mesothelioma, and treatment is not well developed.
Benign mesothelioma is different from malignant mesothelioma because it does not invade the nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body. It is much more easily treated than malignant mesothelioma. However patients who are diagnosed with benign mesothelioma may exhibit the same symptoms as a patient with malignant mesothelioma. Benign mesothelioma is usually treated through surgery. The most common surgical procedure used to treat benign mesothelioma is called thoracotomy.
These forms of mesothelioma can all be caused by asbestos exposure, and they are all deadly. It is very important to be aware of symptoms of these diseases so that a diagnosis can be made in the early stage of the disease. Treatment in the early stages of the disease is normally much more successful than treatment in the late stages.
If you or a family member has been diagnosed with mesothelioma as a result of asbestos exposure, you should immediately contact an attorney who is experienced in handling these types of cases. Mesothelioma litigation is complicated, and you need an attorney you trust to help you navigate your case. Contact Cueria Law Firm L.L.C. at 504-636-8736 immediately.
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